Instruments used on Ranga Pae's CD's

KotoK

The koto is a 13-stringed zither with a harp-like sound made of paulownia wood.  The instrument originated in China (gu zheng), and was introduced to Japan around the 7th century. The strings are stretched over notched, movable bridges, enabling the player to adjust the strings to any pitch or scale. >>More

Kimo playing the Hawaiian nose flute

'Ohe hano ihu

Literary: bamboo, breath and nose in Hawaiian. This  flute has  the unique distinction of being played with the nose. A very pure sound from the heart, to the land and to the heavens. It was often used in conjunction with chants and song. >>More

       

Ki Ho'alu

The Slack Key guitar is a Hawaiian tuning and style of guitar playing. Ki ho'alu literally means to slacken the key. There are many varieties of tunings that were often kept as family tunings. Click to hear a Wahine tuning (CGDCBD). >>More

'Ukeke

The only stringed instrument indigenous to Hawaii. Played with the mouth as a resonator and strummed with the hand. The ukeke shown here is made from Hawaiian koa wood and has three steel strings tuned to an A major triad. In the olden days gut or coconut string was used. >>More

Ka'eke'eke

Hawaiian stomping posts made from Hawaiian bamboo. Used as an accompaniment for hula  as well as with traditional chants. Notice the tapa cloth end covers which protect the instrument during performances. >>More

Khaen

A traditional folk instrument from Thailand that utilizes brass free reeds placed in bamboo pipes  which are activated when a small hole is covered with a finger while blowing air into the mouth piece. >>More

Kimo playing the Kercapi

Kercapi

A 2-stringed fretless lute played with a wooden plectrum native to the Batak people of Indonesia. Often decorated with ornate carvings. >>More

Jody playing the Balinese tingklik

Tingklik

The tingklik is a Balinese xylophone made of 11 bamboo pipes tuned to a pentatonic scale and played with rubber-tipped mallets. >>More

     

Korng Thomm

This Cambodian instrument is a large gong circle in which the performer sits in the middle surrounded with up to 16 brass/copper tuned gongs. >>More

Kimo playing the Javanese suling

Suling

The suling is an Indonesian end blown bamboo flute with 6 holes. There are two main finger positions for the pelog and sulendra scales. A distinguishing feature is the bamboo tied end which guides the air across the notched blow hole. >>More

Kimo & the Indian sitar

Sitar 

The sitar from North India is an 18-stringed lute type instrument with 7 main strings played above movable frets, while the 11 remaining strings (sympathetic strings) vibrate below the frets. It’s components are a hollow wooden neck attached to a pumpkin-shaped gourd. >>More

  

Tabla

A pair of percussive instruments from India whose unique ecstatic sound has fascinated listeners around the globe. Consisting of a bass drum played with the left hand and a treble tuned >>More played with the right hand.

Guchin

The guchin is a zither originating from China. It is an instrument of ancient beginnings dating back 3000 years. Considered a "scholar's instrument," it is rare to see it performed as only a few people play the guchin today. This is the "grand daddy" of the zithers and the written music from several hundred years ago still exists today.

Ukulele

The ukulele, literally "jumping flea" in Hawaiian. The name is derived from the fast right hand strumming witnessed by the Hawaiians when the instrument was introduced to Hawaii by the early Portugese plantation immigrants. This Pineapple tenor uke is a throw back to the pineapple plantation days.

Shakuhachi

is a Japanese end-blown flute. Its name means "1.8 feet", referring to its size. It is traditionally made of bamboo, but versions now exist in wood and plastic. It was used by the monks of the Fuke school of Zen Buddhism in the practice of suizen (blowing meditation). Its soulful sound made it popular in Western 1980s pop music.

Puili

Used in Hula as a rhythmic instrument. Made from bamboo and slitted length ways in thin strips which allow for a rattling sound. Usually used in pairs and bounced off of knees by a hula dancer during performance.

Ihu hone

The "mellow" nose flute. Extra long in length between nodes of Hawaiian bamboo. Extra high not hole near blow hole. Known for its sweet mellow tone.

Pan pipes

The pan flute or pan pipe (also known as panflute or panpipes) is an ancient musical instrument based on the principle of the Closed tube, consisting usually of five or more pipes of gradually increasing length (and, at times, girth).

Xiao

The xiao is a Chinese vertical end-blown flute. It is generally made of dark brown bamboo (called "purple bamboo" in Chinese). It is also sometimes called dòngxiao, dòng meaning "hole." An ancient name for the xiao is shùdí (lit. "vertical bamboo flute")

Native American Flute

"Lakota Style" is used most often to designate a five-hole flute, Confusingly is it sometimes also used to describe a "Plains" flute. "Southwestern Style" refers to a six-hole flute. Attached to the top of a native flute is a piece of wood, commonly called a "block," but it is also known as a "bird," "fetish," "totem," "saddle," and "slider."

 

Maui bamboo sax

The original Maui Xaphoon (pronounced “za foon”), a "Bamboo Sax" for everyone who appreciates awesome sound but doesn’t want to schlep around a bulky instrument. The Xaphoon’s sound falls somewhere between a saxophone and a clarinet – a much richer sound than its size would suggest -- and was born to be played wherever and whenever the mood strikes. The experienced player will find the Xaphoon capable of all the subtle shadings and vibrant power of a saxophone.

Hulusi

The hulusi is a free reed wind instrument from China. It is held vertically and has three bamboo pipes which pass through a gourd wind chest; one pipe has finger holes and the other two are drone pipes.

Rain Stick

The rainstick is a long, hollow tube which is filled with small baubles such as beads or beans and has small pins arranged helically on its inside surface. When the stick is upended, the beads fall to the other end of the tube, making a sound reminiscent of a rainstorm as they bounce off the pins. The rainstick is generally used to create atmospheric sound effects or as a percussion instrument.

Erhu

The erhu, also called nanhu ("southern fiddle"), and sometimes known in the West as the "Chinese violin" or "Chinese two-string fiddle," is a two-stringed bowed musical instrument, used as a solo instrument as well as in small ensembles and large orchestras. It is the most popular instrument in the huqin family of Chinese bowed string instruments, together with the zhonghu, gaohu, banhu, jinghu, sihu, and numerous others.

Angklung

The angklung is a musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side. This causes a rapidly repeating note to sound.

Gamelan

The instruments in a gamelan are composed of sets of tuned bronze gongs, gong-chimes, metallophones, drums, one or more flute, bowed and plucked string instruments, and sometimes singers. In some village gamelan, bronze is sometimes replaced by iron, wood, or bamboo. The most popular gamelan can be found in Java, and Bali.

Pipa

The pipa is a plucked Chinese string instrument. Sometimes called the Chinese lute, the instrument has a pear-shaped wooden body. It has been played for nearly two thousand years in China, and belongs to the plucked category of instruments. Several related instruments in East and Southeast Asia are derived from the pipa; these include the Japanese biwa, the Vietnamese dan ty ba, and the Korean bipa.

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